HMB Endeavour Circumnavigation of Australia
In April 2011, the magnificent replica of James Cook's HM Bark Endeavour commenced the historic circumnavigation of Australia. Built as a gift to the Australian people, Endeavour will follow in the wake of our earliest European explorers, visiting major and regional ports right across Australia.
HMB Endeavour at Fremantle Wharf
The voyage commenced in Sydney and traces James Cook's original voyage 240 years ago when he became the first to chart the east coast of Australia in 1770. From Queensland Endeavour sailed across the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Top End to Darwin, before sailing into the Indian Ocean and along the Western Australian coast to Fremantle.
HMB Endeavour, replica of James Cook's Bark
The voyage will then see Endeavour cross the Great Australian Bight taking in South Australia and continuing around Tasmania, before crossing the Bass Strait to Victoria and returning home to Sydney by May 2012.
Built in Fremantle, Western Australia
The Western Australian built replica of James Cook's HMB Endeavour deserves its reputation as one of the world's most accurate maritime reproductions. Construction began in a specially designed shipyard in Fremantle, Western Australia in 1988.
The documentation and plans of the original Endeavour(held by the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, England) were used to research and build the replica.
Timber: The replica is so faithful to the original that the main differences lie in the timbers and metals used in construction. Traditional timbers of the 18th century - elm, oak and spruce - are now difficult and expensive to buy. The replica is built of jarrah, a West Australian hardwood. The masts and spars are from old-growth oregon (Douglas fir), specially imported from the USA.
Iron: The ship's traditional iron fittings, including lanterns and the large iron firehearth, were handmade in a specially installed blacksmith shop.
Rigging: After computer-simulated testing, modern polyester was selected for the running rigging (which moves and works the yards and sails) and traditional manila for the standing rigging (which holds the masts in place). The manila rope was handmade on a 140-year-old ropewalk to the exact specifications of the original rope.
Ropes and Pulleys
Sails: Endeavour's sails are made of Duradon, a synthetic canvas that looks and handles like the original flax canvas but lasts longer and resists rot.
Modern fitout: The necessary concessions to the 21st century - engines, generators, an electric galley, showers and safety equipment - are all hidden away in the cargo hold where Cook stored his ship's provisions.
On launching day, 9 December 1993, Endeavour slipped safely into the water, curtseying as she went. The masts and rigging were installed, the ship was commissioned and sea trials began off the coast of Western Australia.
On 2 October 1994, eight years after the keel was laid, Endeavour set out on her maiden voyage to Sydney. To celebrate the 225th anniversary of Cook charting the east coast, Endeavour followed in his wake to Cooktown and then crossed the Tasman to circumnavigate New Zealand. She returned to Fremantle to refit for her first world voyage.
Around the World in Four Years: On 16 October 1996, Endeavour sailed from Fremantle on the first leg of her world voyage. Visiting Mauritius, Reunion Island, Durban and Cape Town, she arrived in London on 25 March 1997. HRM Queen Elizabeth II and HRH the Duke of Edinburgh came on board to meet the crew.
Canon on Deck
Four years later Endeavour finally sailed through Sydney Heads on 3 June 2000.
Display of Artwork
Endeavour spent the next two years completing her circumnavigation of Australia and starring in BBC documentary 'The Ship'. She arrived back in her building port of Fremantle in December 2001 for a new challenge.
Endeavour successfully rounded Cape Horn on 16 April 2002, in good weather and visibility, much as Cook had done in 1769: En route the ship visited the Falkland Islands, Rio de Janeiro and Azores, and arrived in Whitby, England, on 21 June 2002.
Returning to Botany Bay on 10 April 2005, Endeavour had safely sailed some 170,000 nautical miles, twice around the world. In over 200 voyages, around 8000 men and women experienced 18th-century seamanship. Hundreds of others joined day sails in harbours and rivers around the world. Hundreds of volunteers worked as guides and helped during refit. Endeavour visited 29 countries and many Pacific islands, and opened as a museum in 116 ports. Thousands of visitors came on board to see how Cook and his men lived.
In April 2005, the ship was transferred to the Australian government by the foundation which had operated it since launching in 1993. The replica was then gifted to the Australian National Maritime Museum.
Endeavour's first offshore passage under the museum's management, was sailing to Melbourne for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. During this visit, the museum ship was seen by 8800 visitors over 12 days.
While Endeavour now spends a lot of time on display at the museum, she also voyages around the Australian coast and travels to special events, including a trip to Brisbane for the 2008 Riverfestival and sailing to Hobart to participate in the 2007 Australian Wooden Boat Festival.
Endeavour beside the Wharf
School groups were given first preference to go aboard and the queue was long, so I viewed the Endeavour from the Wharf.
One of the Masts
Anchor on the Foredeck
HMB Endeavour against the Light
Support Vehicle showing Endeavour in Full Sail
HMAS Darwin also at Fremantle Wharf
Guided Missile Frigate, Adelaide Class. Launched 26 March 1982, Commissioned 21 July 1984. Based at Sydney.
HMAS Darwin is a long-range escort frigate that undertakes roles including area air defence, anti-submarine warfare, surveillance, reconnaissance and interdiction. The ship is capable of countering simultaneous threats from the air, surface and sub-surface.
Historic 'C Shed' Fremantle Wharf
Easterly view along verandah.
Historic 'C Shed' Fremantle Wharf
Westerly view along verandah.
'E Shed' viewed from 'C Shed'
Fremantle's only waterside markets at 'E Shed' are housed in this magnificent historical warehouse building on Victoria Quay, right in the centre of the Fremantle Port.
E Shed Markets
Fremantle's waterside market – E-Shed Markets operates Friday, Saturday, Sunday and Public holidays all year round.