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 willyp | Home > Soviet/Combloc Section > Russia, Imperial (pre-1917) > Weapons > 
1915 (1895) Winchester (7.62x54r)
The Russian Govt. purchased app. 293,000 1895 Winchester muskets in Russian 7.62x54r beginning in 1914, these rifles had charger guide ribs attached to the receiver to enable use of the standard Russian charger clips. The rifles were adopted by the Russians as the M1915, 2 styles of bayonets were reportedly delivered w/them, one had a 8" blade (very rare) & the more common, the 16" blade. Some of these rifles were eventually sent to Spain to assist the republicans in their (losing) war aganst the Nationalists.
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Enlarge photo 1

1915 (1895) Musket w/bayonet
This m1915 is shown w/the 16" blade bayonet, this particular rifle is one of the rifles that ended up in Spain as evidenced by the flaming bomb w/MP8 cartouche on the right butt. it is complete, fully functional but has vry little finish & is well worn & used.

Enlarge photo 2

Same view w/bayonet attached
The Winchester rifles for the Russian contract were reportedly supplied w/2 versions of the bayonet, the more common, shown here has a 16" blade length, the eaelier, more rare, although both are rare was the same bayonet design but had a shorter 10" blade.

Enlarge photo 3

Butt plate trapdoor
These rifles were fitted w/the standard (American type) butt plate trapdoor that slid upward to open, US muskets were supplied w/a cleaning jag on a pull thru that was stored in the trap, it's unk if the Russians utilized the door for the same purpose.

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1895 Butt trap door open
here the door is partially open, slid toward the top of the butt plate.

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Butt stock, right side
Note the flaming bomb cartouche containing an MP8, this is a Spanish arsenal marking indicating use in the Spanish Civil War.

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Close up of the Spanish Arsenal mark

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Right side view of the action
Note the charger guide ribs added to the upper receiver.

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Right side of action open

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View of action w/stripper clip in guides

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Top view of stripper clip in guides

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Russian markings on right receiver
These markings, which are believed to be a proof & ownership markings are on the front right side of the receiver just behind the forend.

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Right side view, lower band

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Front band & front sight

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Bayonet hilt & scabbard detail
The 2 bayonets were identical in construction & appearance except for the length of the blade. The scabbard/frog combination is the same one utilized w/the Remington 1902 Rolling Block 16" bayonets which may indicate they were procured from an independent supplier by both Remington & Winchester although it is said that the Winchester scabbards had the frogs affixed by a rivet, the Remingtons by a screw, this particular scabbard has the frog affixed by a screw.

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Marking on Winchester bayonet

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US manufactured 7.62x54 WW1
Here are USC Co cartridges mfg in 1917 for the Russian 7.62x54r.

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Winchester mfg 7.62x54r
here are cartridges mfg by Winchester in 7.62x54r Russian although I don't believe these were mfg in WW1 for the Russians as were the USC cartridges.

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Boxes from the USc Co & Winchester ammo
Here are pics of the boxes the above cartridges came in, the Winchester appears to be a later box although the cartridges have no headstamp date (not does the box) but the box id's soft point ammo & the rounds are FMJ. The USC Co box is from a military contract & the box & rounds are all dated 1917.

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Left side view of front band/sight

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Left side view of forend

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Lower band left side

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Left forend view.
Note the detachable sling swivel which in this view is mounted in the forward position on the mag body. This detachable swivel is similiar to the Gew88/98 style but is not the same swivel, it is smaller & slightly different, it appears the 1895 Winchester lee Navy rifles issued to the Marines also used this type of detachable swivel & the swivels are for a narrow sling. Note that the sling on this rifle is of the right width but I don't believe it's the correct sling for the Russian rifles, nor for any military rifle for that matter.

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Left side view of rear sight

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Top view of rear sight

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Marking on receiver ring over chamber
The marking, w over P in the oval is a Winchester proof mark, 7.62 mm is the caliber.

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View of open action
action open showing inside mag & feed ramp

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Markings on left receiver wall

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Left side action open

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Left view of action

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View of rear of lever
the operating lever is in 2 pieces, this is a pic of the rear "curve" where the upper & lower parts of the lever are held together

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Lower tang markings

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Butt left side view
note the detachable swivel arrangement & also note the small 5 stamped near the buttplate, meaning unk.

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Small stylized 5 on butt

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View of detachable swivel

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Detachable swivel
Here it's open & dismounted from the rear swivel location.

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Left side view
Sling is mounted on front of mag in this view. When mounted this way I believe there is a wire type "hook" again similiar to the GEW88/98 style that was used to attach to the front band swivel, this is the type of arrangement that was also used on the 1895 Winchester-lee Navy.

Enlarge photo 37

Left side w/bayonet

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